“歷史村鎮的未來”國際會議 |《眉山成果文件》發布

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“歷史村鎮的未來”國際會議

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眉山成果文件

國際會議“文化2030 I 城鄉發展:歷史村鎮的未來”

會議成果

中華人民共和國眉山市,2019年6月10-12日


值此 “文化2030 I城鄉發展:歷史村鎮的未來” 國際會議(2019年6月10日至12日)召開之際,全體與會人員,包括各國部長、各國國家和地方政府代表、國際組織、非政府組織、學術界、開發銀行及民間團體共聚眉山。我們向中國政府、四川省人民政府以及各地方官方機構,特別是眉山市,致以誠摯的謝意,感謝他們為本次大會提供了溝通知識和良好實踐,以及深化合作的有效平臺,以制定以文化為中心的政策,實現“使人類居住地具有包容性、安全性、韌性和可持續性”的目的。


我們認可國際社會所取得的里程碑式的成就,鞏固并加強了文化在全球發展議程中的作用,特別是將其融入2030可持續發展議程,新城市議程和全球重要農業文化遺產。我們回顧了最緊密相關的手段、機制、項目和方法,使得現有的范式發生轉變,朝著自然文化平衡發展,公民、地方和發展政策統籌發展的方向轉變。這些手段、機制、項目和方法包括:教科文組織歷史城市景觀方法(2011)、全球報告“文化:城市未來”(2016)、創意城市網絡、國際包容和可持續城市聯盟——ICCAR、學習型城市網絡、世界地質公園、人與生物圈以及社會轉型管理計劃。


眉山經驗在保護文化和自然遺產,發揮創造性促進可持續發展方面為我們提供了基準線、良好實踐和方法,有利于對文化資產和資源的投資,促進更可持續的區域發展,推動城鄉積極互動,以及本地創造力的進一步發展。


考慮到我們面臨著日益嚴峻的挑戰,如持續存在的貧困、環境惡化及廢物管理、氣候變化、自然災害、日益嚴重的不平等、糧食安全問題和政策與投資中的城市偏見,我們需要采取綜合手段來發展以人為核心、強調包容、互聯互通和韌性的人類居住區,以文化的橫向力量為基礎,促進社會經濟和環境的可持續發展。


我們相信,小型村落是許多地方不可或缺的組成部分,其在連接城鄉保護和弘揚文化以及體現其文化背景的特殊性方面,扮演著重要的角色。村落需要基于社群價值觀和當地期望的因地制宜的措施,以保障其主人翁感,增強人們的福祉并促進長期可持續性。因此,必須考慮以下成果,以加強城鄉之間的聯系和實現可持續發展:


1. 實現鄉村振興和空間公平“不讓一個人掉隊”

將文化置于鄉村振興政策的核心對于改善農村民生和扶貧至關重要。采取以人為本和因地制宜的手段,促進農村地區的創意經濟發展,開發傳統產品和服務以及新型創收來源,推動可持續文化旅游,探索人工智能和大數據等數字技術的潛力,有助于實現空間公平和社會包容;


2. 通過文化、素質教育和公民參與激勵社區

農村社區的文化多樣性、價值和期望是打破孤立和邊緣化、增強社會經濟韌性的關鍵。文化和創造力可以促進有效的社區參與,推動實施地方倡議,促進合作提高增長。在優質教育,提升當地能力和賦權的基礎上,確保機會均等和平等參與文化生活。


3. 文化遺產保護和創新增強環境的持續性和韌性

城鄉關系的共生性是實現整體和綜合性地域管理的基礎。重視文化與自然間的緊密聯系,實現環境可持續性,包括文化、農業和神圣景觀的可持續。社會和小村落的變化是不變的趨勢,適應是關鍵,實現途徑包括保護和弘揚身份特性、多樣性、文化自然價值,以及創新。城鄉領域的共生性是實現國土綜合管理的關鍵。借助傳統知識和當地解決方案應對全球挑戰,包括適應和減緩氣候變化以及增強環境的持續性和韌性。


4. 加強城鄉聯系實現可持續鄉村振興的綜合政策

制定政策作為生態系統,重視城鄉依存關系,推動城鄉合作,實現管理水平進一步提升,加強良好實踐的推廣和應用。不以規模大小看村落,而是注重其在更廣泛的網絡和系統中的功能,要認識到城鄉聯系對實現有效規劃和國土管理至關重要,包括通過權力下放,來提高小地方的決策權和公共資源配置。


展望未來,我們要強化聯合國教科文組織的號召力,團結國家和地方政府、國際組織、非政府組織、聯合國機構、開發銀行、私營部門、農村地區和民間團體,通過文化攜手實現基于共同價值觀的鄉村振興愿景在這方面,把握趨勢、制定指標和建立數據資料庫、鼓勵城鄉發展相關的國際合作以及促進跨文化對話至關重要。


眉山成果文件英文版


Conference Outcomes

CULTURE 2030 I Rural-Urban Development: The Future of Historic Towns and Villages

10-12 June 2019 Meishan, People’s Republic of China


Conference Outcomes


We, the participants, including ministers, national and local government representatives, international organisations, non-governmental organisations, academia, development banks and civil society, gathered in Meishan on the occasion of the International Conference on “Culture 2030 I Rural-Urban Development: The Future of Historic Villages and Towns” (10-12 June 2019), wish to express our gratitude to the national, provincial and local Chinese authorities and, in particular, the City of Meishan, for providing an effective platform for the exchange of knowledge, good practices and strengthening cooperation with a view to shaping culture-centred policies towards “making human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”.


We acknowledge the key milestones achieved by the international community to consolidate and strengthen the role of culture in the global development agenda, particularly through its integration in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, as well as the New Urban Agenda and Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems. We recall the most relevant tools, mechanisms, programmes and approaches that have fostered a paradigm shift towards a nature-culture balance and the integration of the people, places and policies in development processes, including the UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape Approach (2011), the Global Report “Culture: Urban Future” (2016), the Creative Cities Network, the International Coalition of Inclusive and Sustainable Cities - ICCAR, the Learning Cities Network, the Man and the Biosphere, Global Geoparks and the Managing of Social Transformation Programmes.


The safeguarding of cultural and natural heritage and the promotion of creativity for sustainable development is particularly embodied in the Meishan experience, which has provided a baseline and good practices and approaches for the investment in cultural assets and resources, promoting a more balanced regional development, fostering effective partnerships between rural and urban areas and building on local creativity.


Considering that in the face of rising challenges such as persisting poverty, environmental degradation, climate change, disasters, increasing inequalities, food insecurity and urban bias in policies and investments, there is a need for an integrative approach to the development of human settlements that places people at its core, emphasising inclusion, connectivity and resilience, building on the transversal power of culture to embrace the social, economic and environmental spheres of sustainable development.


We are convinced that smaller settlements are an integral part of a portfolio of places with a critical role to play in rural-urban linkages and the safeguarding and promotion of culture, while recognising the specificity of their cultural contexts. Settlements require site-specific approaches based on community values and local aspirations to ensure a sense of ownership, enhance people’s wellbeing and promote long-term sustainability. Consideration must therefore be given to the following outcomes to enhance rural-urban linkages towards sustainability:


1. ‘Leave no one behind’ through rural revitalization and spatial equity.

Placing culture at the heart of rural revitalization policies is essential to improve rural livelihood and alleviate poverty. Fostering people-centred and place-based approaches to creative economies for rural areas, promoting among other traditional products and services, as well as new sources of wealth, sustainable cultural tourism, and exploring the potentials of digital technologies, including Artificial Intelligence and big data, can achieve spatial justice and social inclusion;


2. Inspiring communities through culture, quality education and citizens’ engagement.

Acknowledging that the cultural diversity of rural communities and their values and aspirations is key to breaking their isolation and marginalization, providing social and economic resilience. Culture and creativity can stimulate effective community engagement processes, supporting local initiatives and cooperation for growth. Building on quality education and the enhancement of local capacities and empowerment ensures equal access to opportunities and participation in the cultural life.


3. The safeguarding of cultural heritage and innovation for environmental sustainability and resilience. Understanding the symbiotic nature of the rural-urban relationship, as the basis of holistic and integrated territorial management approaches. Achieving environmental sustainability by embracing the strong link between culture and nature, manifested in cultural, agricultural and sacred landscapes. Recognizing change as inherent in our societies and smaller settlements, adaptability is key, along with the safeguarding and promotion of identities, diversity, cultural and natural values, including through innovation. Harnessing traditional knowledge and local solutions to global challenges, such as climate adaptation, mitigation, sustainability and resilience.


4. Integrated policies to strengthen rural-urban linkages towards sustainable rural revitalisation. Elaborating policies as an ecosystem that acknowledges the interdependence between rural and urban areas, to forge partnerships between them and promote new scales of management that enhance both the diffusion and scaling up of good practices. Considering settlements beyond their size, looking at their function in extended networks and systems, understanding their rural-urban linkages is crucial to ensuring good planning and effective territorial governance, including through decentralisation that increases the voice of smaller places in decision-making and their share of public resources.


Looking forward, we must harness the convening power of UNESCO to bring together national and local governments, international and non-governmental organizations, United Nations agencies, development banks, the private sector, rural communities and civil society to pursue a shared vision based on common values for rural revitalization built on culture. In this regard, the mapping of trends, the development of indicators and digital data sets, as well as fostering international cooperation and investment in rural-urban initiatives, and promoting inter-cultural dialogue is fundamental.




編輯:鄭路亞  責任編輯:趙競

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